CBD 101

CBD (Cannabidiol) 101

Educate yourself and get to know the CBD basics.

The Basics

Understanding how the body works - specifically, the endocannabinoid system (ECS), is the best way to learn about CBD.

What is the ECS?

The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is a complex cell-signalling system identified in the 1990s by researchers exploring Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). While the ECS is still being researched, we know it plays a role in regulating a range of functions and processes including sleep, mood, appetite, and memory. 


The Endocannabinoid System is specifically responsible for the production of the bodies cannabinoid receptors. These functioning receptors create homeostasis within the body. Homeostasis is your bodies efforts to keep everything in the right zone. It’s keeping your internal environment stable and optimal, regardless of the environment around you. Because the ECS is creating the receptors that help create homeostasis, when your body is operating outside of its proper range of stability, your body will activate the ECS to help correct the imbalance.

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FAQs about CBD

CBD (cannabidiol) is one of over 60 active chemical compounds (or ‘endocannabinoids’) found in the hemp plant. Different endocannabinoids target specific receptors located throughout the body.


The Endocannabinoid System (ECS)


The major differentiator is the THC Content in the Cannabis Sativa Plant. (The Cannabis Sativa is the plant species and can be either Hemp or Marijuana depending on the levels of THC)


The simplest answer:

If the Cannabis Sativa plant is < 0.3% of THC = Hemp Plant

If the Cannabis Sativa plant is > 0.3% of THC = Marijuana Plant

THC affects the brain by binding to naturally-occurring CB-1 receptors in the central nervous system. CBD is a differently-shaped molecule that binds to CB-2 receptors in cell and body tissues outside the central nervous system.

No, CBD will not get you high. THC will. THC in marijuana is found in large concentrations and is the molecule responsible for the psychoactive effects (binds to the brain cell receptors).

Most CBD products are taken orally via oil drops that are placed under the tongue and held for 60 seconds before swallowing. It is also found as a topical cream, ointment, roll-on, or is vaporized and inhaled.

CBD oil is a liquid cannabis extract that contains CBD and other terpenes.  It’s commonly removed from the hemp plant parts (flower, leaf, stem and seed respectively).

CBD functions by binding to cannabinoid receptors in the body’s endocannabinoid system. These receptors have been found in virtually every cell and tissue type in the human body (hence the seemingly endless array of CBD uses).

CBD derived from hemp falls under The Hemp Farming Act of 2018. It removed hemp from Schedule I controlled substance opening the rapid expansion of the industry. The FDA has not approved CBD products with unproven medical claims. CBD products CANNOT make any claims to ANY health benefits and are the target of many warning letters.

Yes, CBD is a 100% naturally-occurring chemical compound that comes directly from the cannabis plant. It is not synthetically made. However, the market is heavily unregulated and patients are required to “trust” CBD product manufacturers and their voluntary vigorous testing practices.

Because the industry is new, side effects reported are minimal and scarce. Project CBD is a non-profit organization strictly dedicated to documenting the research progress on CBD.